Article II
MEMBERSHIP AND DUES




Section 1. Membership.  

Membership of the Association shall consist of general members, sustaining members, affiliate members, faculty members, judicial members, government/public service members, associate members and law student members, as those terms are hereinafter defined, and members in one of the other categories of membership established pursuant to Section 10 of this Article II.

Section 2. General Members. 
To be eligible to qualify as a general member, a person shall satisfy any of the following requirements. (a) be a member in good standing of the State Bar of California, or (b) be admitted to practice before the highest court of any state, district, territory or possession of the United States.

Section 3. Sustaining Members. 
Any member of the Association may become a sustaining member upon payment of the dues provided in Section 11 of this Article II to be paid during any calendar year by sustaining members.

Section 4. Affiliate Members. 
To be eligible to qualify as an affiliate member, a person shall be a member of an Affiliated Association as defined in Article IX of these Bylaws and shall meet the requirements of Section 2 of this Article II.

Section 5. Faculty Members. 
To be eligible to qualify as a faculty member, a person shall maintain one of the following full-time positions with a law school accredited by the American Bar Association “ABA” and/or the Committee of Bar Examiners of California (“CBE”): Faculty member, Assistant Dean, Associate Dean, or Dean.

Section 6. Judicial Members. 
To be eligible to qualify as a judicial member, a person shall be a Justice, Judge, Administrative Law Judge, full-time Commissioner or Magistrate of a court of record of the United States, the State of California, or any other state, territory or possession of the United States or of any agency of the federal, state, territorial, possession, county or city government or of any other agency determined by the Board of Trustees to be a “public agency.”

Section 7. Government/Public Service Members. 
To be eligible to qualify as a government/public service member, a person shall be admitted to practice before the highest court of any state, district, territory or possession of the United States; and be a full-time employee of any agency of the federal, state, territorial, possession, county or city government or of any other agency determined by the Board of Trustees to be a “public agency.”

Section 8. Associate Members. 
To be eligible to qualify as an associate member, a person shall not be admitted to practice law in California or any state, district, territory or possession of the United States but shall have an interest in the work of the Los Angeles County Bar Association, have never been disbarred or suspended from the practice of law in any jurisdiction, be of good moral character, and satisfy such further eligibility requirements as may be approved by the Board of Trustees. Associate membership is intended for persons admitted to practice law only in jurisdictions outside the United States, its territories and possessions, legal educators, paralegals and legal assistants, law- office administrators, law librarians, non-lawyer professionals and any other individuals interested in law. No identification of an associate member, as such, may appear on the associate member’s letterhead, business card or other form of public communication. Any violation of this provision may result in termination of membership.

Section 9. Law Student Members. 
Any person who is enrolled in a law school recognized by the ABA or CBE is eligible to be a law student member. Any person admitted to the Association as a law student member may continue as such until graduation from law school, except that those members scheduled to take the first California bar examination following graduation from law school may continue as law student members until the results of the examination are announced, and, provided the member passes the examination, until the scheduled date that successful candidates are admitted to practice. Law student members shall pay dues in an amount as the Board of Trustees may set from time to time, and shall have all rights of membership except the right: (a) to vote, (b) to hold office or (c) to participate in any insurance or other Association member benefit program which by virtue of applicable rules and regulations is not available to law student members. Paid law student members will be free members of the Barristers/Young Attorneys Section pursuant to Section 11 of Article V.

Section 10. Other Members. 
Additional categories of non-voting members may be established, and any such category may be discontinued, as the Board of Trustees may determine from time to time.

Section 11. Admission to Membership; Dues. 
Any person desiring to become a member of the Association shall file with the Executive Director of the Association a written application for membership in such form as may be prescribed by the Board of Trustees. Upon presentation of the application for membership, the applicant shall pay annual dues; the minimum dues at any time of the year shall be in amounts as the Board of Trustees may set from time to time. There shall be no admission fee. The annual dues for each membership classification shall be established by the Board of Trustees the year preceding the calendar year for which such dues shall be payable. Should the Board of Trustees fail to establish annual dues for any calendar year for any membership classification, the annual dues payable by members in such classification for such calendar year shall be the same as those payable by members in such classification during the preceding calendar year. The Board of Trustees shall have the power to remit or waive dues of any member or members, in whole or in part.

Section 12. Voting Rights and Eligibility Classifications for Office. 
Only members within one of the membership classifications referred to in Sections 2 through 8 of this Article II shall be entitled to vote on any matter with respect to which a membership vote is required or requested, and only such members, except those referred to in Section 8, shall be eligible to serve as Officers of the Association and as members of the Board of Trustees.

Section 13. Retention of Membership. 
In order to remain a member, a member must continue to meet the qualifications for the membership category most recently identified with respect to such member on the official membership roster of the Association, as defined in Section 14(a) below. In the event that a member fails to continue to so qualify, the Association will give such member notice and thirty days to return their status to one that is so qualified. Should the member fail to do so during such thirty-day period, membership for such member shall at that point terminate automatically with no further action required, unless during such thirty-day period, such member provides the Association with written notice of his or her intent to maintain membership under another membership category identified in Sections 2 through 10 of this Article II for which such member qualifies and such member in fact so qualifies during such thirty-day period.

Section 14. Official Membership Roster, Record Date, Right to Vote, Notice and Written Ballots. 

(a) Official Membership Roster.
The official membership roster of the Association, as that term is used in these Bylaws, means the listing of those persons from time to time identified within the computerized database maintained by the Association as members in good standing under Sections 2 through 10 of this Article II.

(b) Record Date, Notice, Right to Vote, and Written Ballots.
   
    i. The record date for the purpose of determining the members entitled to notice of and to vote at any meeting of members, other than the annual election, shall be the last business day of the month preceding the month in which the date is established for the meeting, provided such record date shall not be more than 90 nor less than 10 days before the date of the meeting, and the members entitled to notice shall be those members whose names appear on the official membership roster of the Association on that date.

    ii. The record date for the purpose of determining the members entitled to vote in the annual election, as provided in Article VII, shall be the date specified on Appendix I attached hereto and incorporated herein, provided, the members entitled to vote shall be those members whose names appear on the official membership roster of the Association on that date.

    iii. The record date for the purpose of determining the members entitled to cast written ballots, other than in the annual election, shall be the last business day of the month preceding the month in which the date established for voting or for distribution of ballots occurs, provided such record date shall not be more than 60 days before the day on which the first written ballot is mailed or solicited, and the members entitled to cast written ballots shall be those members whose names appear on the official membership roster of the Association on that date.

    iv. The record date for the purpose of determining the members entitled to exercise any rights in respect of any other lawful action shall be the last business day of the month preceding the month in which the date established for such other action occurs, provided such record date shall not be more than 60 days prior to such other action, and the members entitled to exercise any rights in respect of any other lawful action shall be those members whose names appear on the official membership roster of the Association on that date.

    v. Notices to be given and written ballots to be cast pursuant to this Section 14 may be by electronic means, including electronic mail.