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What is the deadline to file a proof of claim?
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Before trying to determine if and how you should file a proof of claim, you should make sure that the deadline to file has not passed and if not, that you have given yourself enough time properly research and prepare a proof of claim.  The deadline for filing a proof of claim in a Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 case is called the “claims bar date” or the “bar date”.  See Personal and Small Business Bankruptcy Practice in California (2004), §7.30, p. 266 of Chapter 7 by Timothy J. Yoo.  For Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 cases, all proofs of claims must be filed within 90 days after the initial meeting of creditors under 11 U.S.C. § 341(a).  Id.  This initial meeting is sometimes also called the 341(a) meeting. 

There are five exceptions to the 90-day bar in Chapter 7 and Chapter 13 cases.  (For a detailed discussion of the five exceptions see §7.31 of Personal and Small Business Bankruptcy Practice in California).  Generally, in Chapter 11 cases the bar date for filing proofs of claim is set by the court, typically on motion by the debtor in possession.  See Federal Rule of Bankruptcy Procedure 3003(c) and §7.32 of Personal and Small Business Bankruptcy Practice in California.
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