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Were there proper objections, and did the trial court rule on them?
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Your ability to address certain issues may depend on whether your position was adequately preserved in the trial court.  Here are some typical problems.

Evidence:  A party must object to inadmissible evidence.  Otherwise, the objection is waived and the admission of evidence cannot be challenged on appeal.  The rankest hearsay can support a judgment if no one objects to its admission.  The grounds for excluding evidence must be specifically advanced in the trial court.  (Evid. Code, § 353; People v. Ghent (1987) 43 Cal.3d 739, 239 Cal.Rptr. 82.)  If an available ground of objection is not urged it is waived.  (Haskell v. Carli (1987) 195 Cal.App.3d 124, 129, 240 Cal.Rptr. 439.)  Also, if the trial court’s ruling is correct on any ground – whether or not urged – it must be upheld on appeal.  (Transamerica Ins. Co. v. Tab Transportation, Inc. (1995) 12 Cal.4th 389, 399, fn. 4, 48 Cal.Rptr.2d 159.)

A party seeking to overcome an order excluding evidence must ordinarily have made an offer of proof.  (Evid. Code, § 354; In re Mark C. (1992) 7 Cal.App.4th 433, 8 Cal.Rptr. 2d 856.)  “An offer of proof must consist of material that is admissible, it must be specific in indicating the purpose of the testimony, the name of the witness and the content of the answer to be elicited.”  (Semsch v. Henry Mayo Newhall Memorial Hospital (1985) 171 Cal.App.3d 162, 167, 216 Cal.Rptr. 913.)

Failing to obtain a ruling on an objection waives the objection on appeal.  (Ann M. v. Pacific Plaza Shopping Center (1993) 6 Cal.4th 666, 670, fn. 1, 25 Cal.Rptr.2d 137.)  Trial courts sometimes seek to avoid this rule when deciding motions by stating that they will only consider admissible evidence, on the authority of Biljac Associates v. First Interstate Bank (1990) 218 Cal.App.3d 1410, 1419, 267 Cal.Rptr. 819.  This is probably insufficient, at least where the objecting party hasn’t sought specific rulings.  (See Sambrano v. City of San Diego (2001) 94 Cal.App.4th 225, 234-238, 114 Cal.Rptr.2d 151; City of Long Beach v. Farmers & Merchants Bank (2000) 81 Cal.App.4th 780, 782-785, 97 Cal.Rptr.2d 140; Turner & Meadow, Objections:  The Moment of Truth (June 1999) Vol. XXI, No. 3 ABTL Rep. 1.)  The conflict among these decisions is presently before the California Supreme Court in Sav-On Drug Stores v. Superior Court, No. S106718.
Jury instructions:  All parties must submit proposed jury instructions “covering the law as disclosed by the pleadings” before the first witness is sworn.  (Code. Civ. Proc., § 607a.)  No objection need be made to an instruction given or refused that is an incorrect statement of the law.  (Code Civ. Proc., § 647.)

However, to make a claim of error on the ground that an instruction was too general or incomplete, the party must have objected to the instruction given and proposed a more specific or complete instruction that reflects a correct statement of the law.  (Agarwal v. Johnson (1979) 25 Cal.3d 932, 948, 160 Cal.Rptr. 141, disapproved on another ground in White v. Ultramar, Inc. (1999) 21 Cal.4th 563, 575, fn. 4, 88 Cal.Rptr.2d 19; Dorsic v. Kurtin (1971) 19 Cal.App.3d 226, 239, 96 Cal.Rptr. 528.)  To claim error on the ground of a failure to instruct, the complaining party must have offered a specific correct instruction on the issue.  (Travelers Ins. Co. v. Lesher (1986) 187 Cal.App.3d 169, 231 Cal.Rptr. 791, disapproved on another ground in Buss v. Superior Court (1997) 16 Cal.4th 35, 50, fn. 12, 65 Cal.Rptr.2d 366; Orient Handel v. United States Fid. & Guar. Co.  (1987) 192 Cal.App.3d 684, 237 Cal.Rptr. 667.)  The record must also set forth the instructions given or refused that form the basis for the claim of error.  (Beane v. Los Angeles Transit Lines (1958) 162 Cal.App.2d 58, 327 P.2d 593.)
 Misconduct of counsel:  The failure to make a timely objection and ask for an admonishment waives a claim of misconduct of counsel.  (Jensen v. BMW of North America, Inc. (1995) 35 Cal.App.4th 112, 130, 41 Cal.Rptr.2d 295.)
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